Uncategorized Sedative prescriptions for older adults vary by location

Sedative prescriptions for older adults vary by location

A new study shows wide variation in prescriptions of sedative drugs, called benzodiazepines, to people with Medicare coverage. Some counties, especially in southern and rural western states, had three times the level of sedative prescribing as others. The study also highlights gaps at the level of individual prescribers: Some primary care providers prescribed sedatives more …

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Uncategorized Recognizing the perfect teacher

Recognizing the perfect teacher

Youngsters learn many important behaviors by imitating adults. But young learners are selective in who they copy, and scientists don’t understand how they choose the right teacher. Young male zebra finches must learn to copy the song of an adult tutor in order to ultimately attract a mate. Researchers already knew that juveniles don’t copy …

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Uncategorized Factors linked to opioid misuse among university students

Factors linked to opioid misuse among university students

In a survey-based study of 9,449 university students at a large, public Midwestern university, misusers of prescription opioid medications were more likely to live off campus, have a lower grade point average, and exhibit increased impulsivity. In the American Journal of Addictions study, prescription opioid misusers were also more likely to report earlier age of …

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Uncategorized The man box: toxic masculinity

The man box: toxic masculinity

The study defines “The Man Box” as a set of societal beliefs that place pressure on men to be a certain way – like being tough, not showing emotions, being the breadwinner, using violence to solve problems, and having many sexual partners. Some men are boxed into the stereotypes of being “a real man” (about …

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Uncategorized Effects of exercise on cognitive performance

Effects of exercise on cognitive performance

The investigators found that both aerobic exercise and upright posture improved visual working memory compared with passive and seated conditions. Their analyses also suggest where the neural origins of these observed effects take place. “Our findings hold implications not only for the field of cognitive psychology, wherein our knowledge has been primarily derived from seated, …

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Uncategorized Lung cancer deaths 28 percent lower in California

Lung cancer deaths 28 percent lower in California

Early adoption of tobacco control efforts in California led to fewer people ever smoking, reduced the amount used by those who do smoke and helped smokers quit at a younger age — when their risk of developing lung cancer is lowest. As a result, say the authors of a new study published online October 10 …

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Uncategorized Statins have little promise beyond heart disease

Statins have little promise beyond heart disease

Previous studies had suggested the cholesterol-cutting drugs – called statins – might help people with non-heart related conditions too, including cancer, dementia and kidney disease. Experts reviewed hundreds of studies and found positive signs the drugs could benefit people with certain conditions, in addition to their proven effects on heart disease, but the results are …

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Uncategorized First example of a bioelectronic medicine

First example of a bioelectronic medicine

Northwestern University and Washington University School of Medicine researchers have developed the first example of a bioelectronic medicine: an implantable, biodegradable wireless device that speeds nerve regeneration and improves healing of a damaged nerve. Their device delivered pulses of electricity to damaged nerves in rats after a surgical repair process, accelerating the regrowth of nerves …

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Uncategorized Difficulties for patients in accessing medical records

Difficulties for patients in accessing medical records

Since the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996, federal law has guaranteed patients access to their protected health information in a timely manner, in a patient’s preferred format, and at a reasonably low processing fee. In order to assess adherence to these guidelines, a team of researchers at Yale conducted scripted interviews …

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Uncategorized Teens and young adults overlooked in opioid crisis

Teens and young adults overlooked in opioid crisis

This study is the first to look at opioid use and hepatitis C testing in at-risk youth. “We’re missing an opportunity to identify and treat young people who are at risk for this deadly infection,” said Rachel L. Epstein, MD, MA, lead author of the study and a post-graduate research fellow in the section of …

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