Uncategorized Opioids may be a little help for chronic pain

Opioids may be a little help for chronic pain

In a study published today by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), McMaster University researchers reviewed 96 clinical trials with more than 26,000 participants and found opioids provide only small improvements in pain, physical functioning and sleep quality compared to a placebo. The opioids, however, also increase the risk of vomiting, drowsiness, constipation, …

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Uncategorized Teen Vaping Up – Drinking, Smoking, and Opioid Abuse Down

Teen Vaping Up – Drinking, Smoking, and Opioid Abuse Down

An annual survey that tracks drug use by American teenagers found that smoking, binge drinking, and abuse of prescription drugs is way down. But teen vaping is up—and not just a little bit. Vaping is way up. The study, conducted by the University of Michigan, asked roughly 45,000 American teens about their use of substances …

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Uncategorized Genomic  exploration of brain disorders

Genomic  exploration of brain disorders

A team of researchers, including scientists from UNC School of Medicine, has developed a model of unprecedented sophistication that relates variations in DNA and gene activity to the risk of brain disorders. The model, described in a paper published in Science, draws from prior studies of thousands of healthy people and people with brain disorders. …

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Uncategorized Surgery unnecessary for many prostate cancer patients

Surgery unnecessary for many prostate cancer patients

The research findings now presented are from the 29-year follow-up of the Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group Study Number Four (SPCG-4), investigating the benefits of surgery for prostate cancer. The study comprised 695 men who were randomly assigned to two groups, one to get surgical treatment and the other to receive treatment of symptoms only (“watchful …

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Uncategorized Meditation and response to feedback

Meditation and response to feedback

In a new study in the Journal of Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience researchers from the University of Surrey have discovered a link between meditation and how individuals respond to feedback. Participants in the study, a mixture of experienced, novice and non-meditators, were trained to select images associated with a reward. Each pair of images …

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Uncategorized Improve older adults’ micronutrient levels with hazelnuts

Improve older adults’ micronutrient levels with hazelnuts

Older adults who added hazelnuts to their diet for a few months significantly improved their levels of two key micronutrients, new research at Oregon State University indicates. In the study, 32 people age 55 and older ate about 57 grams of hazelnuts – 2 ounces or about one-third cup – daily for 16 weeks. Results …

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Uncategorized D-deficient older adults at greater risk of depression

D-deficient older adults at greater risk of depression

A new study by researchers from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) at Trinity College Dublin has shown for the first time in Ireland that a deficiency in vitamin D was associated with a substantial increased risk of depression (+75%) over a four-year follow up period. The findings form part of the largest representative …

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Uncategorized Drug wholesalers drove fentanyl’s deadly rise

Drug wholesalers drove fentanyl’s deadly rise

First synthesized in a Belgian lab in 1960, illicitly produced fentanyl has swept through U.S. drug markets in waves, the latest beginning in 2013, and has claimed an extraordinary number of lives. The researchers who wrote the report said having a better understanding of whether fentanyl’s deadly spread is being driven by the economic imperatives …

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Uncategorized Decisions based on feelings rather than facts

Decisions based on feelings rather than facts

Angela Bearth, Ph.D., ETH Zurich, revisited work previously done on intuitive toxicology in her presentation, “Intuitive toxicology revisited: People’s understanding of toxicological principles and implications for the risk perception of chemicals.” Bearth related consumers’ knowledge about toxicological principles to their risk perceptions and preferences for a variety of consumer products (e.g., cleaning products, medicines, foods). …

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Uncategorized 21st-century problems require skills that few are trained in

21st-century problems require skills that few are trained in

“The experiences of students in and out of the classroom are not preparing them for these skills that are needed as adults,” Graesser and colleagues write. This unique set of cognitive and social skills include: Shared understanding: Group members share common goals when solving a new problem. Accountability: The contributions that each member makes are …

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