Uncategorized Youthful cognition predicts mental capacity later in life

Youthful cognition predicts mental capacity later in life

Early adult general cognitive ability (GCA) — the diverse set of skills involved in thinking, such as reasoning, memory and perception — is a stronger predictor of cognitive function and reserve later in life than other factors, such as higher education, occupational complexity or engaging in late-life intellectual activities, report researchers in a new study …

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Uncategorized How musicians communicate non-verbally during performance?

How musicians communicate non-verbally during performance?

A team of researchers from McMaster University has discovered a new technique to examine how musicians intuitively coordinate with one another during a performance, silently predicting how each will express the music. The findings, published today in the journal Scientific Reports, provide new insights into how musicians synchronize their movements so they are playing exactly …

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Uncategorized Gene responsible for spread of prostate cancer identified

Gene responsible for spread of prostate cancer identified

The study, which was published in the journal Nature Communications, identified the NSD2 gene through a computer algorithm developed to determine which cancer genes that spread in a mouse model were most relevant to humans. The researchers were able to turn off the gene in the mice tumor cells, which significantly decreased the cancer’s spread. …

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Uncategorized 親密な人間関係をデータから客観的に識別できる新手法を開発(図2)

親密な人間関係をデータから客観的に識別できる新手法を開発(図2)

The SocioPatterns project led by Dr. Alain Barrat and colleagues has made public the dataset of contact records of individual pairs collected by RFID devices. However, since the RFID datasets contain any kind of contacts between individuals, they can include non-essential contacts that are observed merely by chance, as opposed to intentional events such as …

Uncategorized Any physical activity cuts sitting health risk 

Any physical activity cuts sitting health risk 

A new study of around 8,000 middle-aged and older adults found that swapping a half-hour of sitting around with physical activity of any intensity or duration cut the risk of early death by as much as 35 percent. The findings highlight the importance of movement — regardless of its intensity or amount of time spent …

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Uncategorized Suicide risk for people with cancer 4 times higher

Suicide risk for people with cancer 4 times higher

People with cancer are more than four times more likely to commit suicide than people without cancer, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. In a study using data on more than eight million cancer patients in the United States, the researchers also found that among people with cancer, white males; patients who were …

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Uncategorized Fight aging by targeting an RNA-binding protein

Fight aging by targeting an RNA-binding protein

As we age, our bodies undergo biological changes that cause a decline in the function of our cells and tissues. However, most studies attempting to identify molecules involved age-related dysfunctions have focused only on mechanisms based on mRNA transcription, a very important step in gene expression, but nonetheless only part of the complex regulatory mechanisms …

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Uncategorized Respiratory microbiome and susceptibility to flu

Respiratory microbiome and susceptibility to flu

Influenza virus, the causative agent of flu, primarily targets the respiratory tract and infects epithelial cells here. The epithelial cells of the nose and throat are enveloped by complex bacterial communities, leading Foxman and colleagues to hypothesize that this respiratory microbiome might interact with the virus – and could play a role in the body’s …

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Uncategorized Voter preference for Trump and bullying in middle schools linked

Voter preference for Trump and bullying in middle schools linked

Huang and Cornell found that a 10 percentage point increase in voters supporting the Republican candidate in 2016 was associated with a 5 percent jump in middle school teasing because of race or ethnicity and an 8-percent increase in middle school bullying. “We found consistent differences in teasing and bullying rates that were linked to …

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Uncategorized Americans happier in states that spend more on public goods

Americans happier in states that spend more on public goods

Public goods spending makes communities “more livable, with more amenities,” Flavin said. “If roads are completed and kept up, so that people aren’t stuck in traffic, they have more time to do things they enjoy doing. Large parks are social spaces — and one clear finding of happiness studies is that people who are more …

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