Uncategorized Gut microbiome fights cancer

Gut microbiome fights cancer

The advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors–which “release the brakes” of the body’s immune system to launch an efficient tumor attack–are a major breakthrough in cancer immunotherapy. However, these treatments don’t work for everybody and are often associated with significant side effects. The ability to stratify patients based on potential response to immune checkpoint inhibitors could …

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Uncategorized One hour a week walking staves off disability

One hour a week walking staves off disability

Just one hour a week of brisk walking — as if you are late to an appointment or trying to make a train — staves off disability in older adults with arthritis pain, or aching or stiffness in a knee, hip, ankle or foot, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. “This is less than 10 …

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Uncategorized Contextual interactive guidance for decision makers

Contextual interactive guidance for decision makers

“We are seeing a massive growth in the use of decision support systems, particularly ones branching into the use of more immersive technology,” said Danielle Oprean, assistant professor of information science and technology, University of Missouri, and former Penn State postdoctoral fellow. “However, we still do not know much about how current systems and human …

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Uncategorized What Americans know about science

What Americans know about science

People’s understanding of scientific processes and the way scientific knowledge accumulates may help them navigate ongoing debates over science connected with issues such as climate change, childhood vaccines and genetically modified foods. The survey includes two questions designed to tap understanding of scientific processes. Six-in-ten Americans (60%) identify adding a control group as the best …

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Uncategorized Brain research challenges our understanding of sleep

Brain research challenges our understanding of sleep

An international study headed by researchers from Aarhus University has for the first time uncovered the large-scale brain patterns and networks which control sleep, providing knowledge which in the future may help the large proportion of people who experience problems sleeping. We spend approximately one-third of our life asleep and our sleep has fascinated researchers …

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Uncategorized Measuring thoughts during knowledge acquisition

Measuring thoughts during knowledge acquisition

“We, as humans, are remarkably flexible in the use of our knowledge: For instance we are able to apply what we have learned during only a few experiences in novel situations or to problems that have never been directly experienced before,” explains study author Theves. “If you walk through the city you live in, you’re …

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Uncategorized How our brain perceives time

How our brain perceives time

What happens in our brain when we listen to the rhythmic pace of a song or when, at the traffic light, the light is red and we are trembling awaiting the green? How do we perceive such an abstract feature of the world? For the first time in humans, an imaging study shows that in …

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Uncategorized Team sports change children’s brains

Team sports change children’s brains

Adult depression has long been associated with shrinkage of the hippocampus, a brain region that plays an important role in memory and response to stress. Now, new research from Washington University in St. Louis has linked participation in team sports to larger hippocampal volumes in children and less depression in boys ages 9 to 11. …

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Uncategorized Preventing falls through community events

Preventing falls through community events

Accidental falls are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among older adults in the United States. While a number of measures can be taken to prevent dangerous and costly spills, a report from the University of Vermont shows that free community-based screenings are effective in influencing older adults to take preventative measures against falls. …

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Uncategorized Learning to embrace risk?

Learning to embrace risk?

Studies have shown women are more risk-averse than men, more likely to opt for the smaller sure thing than gamble on an all-or-nothing proposition, a trait experts say could help to explain the persistent wage gap between men and women. New research suggests those gender differences in risk aversion are shaped by culture and the …

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