Uncategorized High-dose radiation therapy improves long-term survival in patients with stage-IV cancers

High-dose radiation therapy improves long-term survival in patients with stage-IV cancers

The first report from a phase II, multi-center clinical trial indicates that a newer, more aggressive form of radiation therapy — stereotactic radiation — can extend long-term survival for some patients with stage-IV cancers while maintaining their quality of life. The study is published in the January issue of International Journal of Radiation Oncology * …

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Uncategorized Exercise may fight depression in older adults

Exercise may fight depression in older adults

Researchers from McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, studied a small group of healthy older men without history of depression. The men, who were 65 or older, participated in a 12-week exercise trial consisting of resistance exercise (leg and shoulder presses) and high-intensity interval training on a stationary bicycle. The research team took blood and muscle …

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Uncategorized Gut microbiota may predict dementia

Gut microbiota may predict dementia

The makeup of bacteria and other microbes in the gut may have a direct association with dementia risk, according to preliminary research to be presented in Honolulu at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2019, a world premier meeting for researchers and clinicians dedicated to the science and treatment of cerebrovascular disease. Researchers studying …

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Uncategorized Brain signals translated directly into speech

Brain signals translated directly into speech

In a scientific first, Columbia neuroengineers have created a system that translates thought into intelligible, recognizable speech. This breakthrough, which harnesses the power of speech synthesizers and artificial intelligence, could lead to new ways for computers to communicate directly with the brain. It also lays the groundwork for helping people who cannot speak, such as …

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Uncategorized Early skill development slows skill decline for NBA players

Early skill development slows skill decline for NBA players

NBA players who excelled during the first part of their career were able to retain more of their skill as they aged. They also displayed a slower decline in performance after the peak of their career, according to a study published in the Springer journal Behaviour Research Methods. Dr Nemanja Vaci and colleagues at the …

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Uncategorized Signs of memory problems could be hearing loss 

Signs of memory problems could be hearing loss 

A recent Baycrest study, published in the Canadian Journal on Aging, found that the majority (56 per cent) of participants being evaluated for memory and thinking concerns and potential brain disorders had some form of mild to severe hearing loss, but only about 20 per cent of individuals used hearing aids. Among the participants, a …

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Uncategorized Youthful cognition predicts mental capacity later in life

Youthful cognition predicts mental capacity later in life

Early adult general cognitive ability (GCA) — the diverse set of skills involved in thinking, such as reasoning, memory and perception — is a stronger predictor of cognitive function and reserve later in life than other factors, such as higher education, occupational complexity or engaging in late-life intellectual activities, report researchers in a new study …

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Uncategorized How musicians communicate non-verbally during performance?

How musicians communicate non-verbally during performance?

A team of researchers from McMaster University has discovered a new technique to examine how musicians intuitively coordinate with one another during a performance, silently predicting how each will express the music. The findings, published today in the journal Scientific Reports, provide new insights into how musicians synchronize their movements so they are playing exactly …

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Uncategorized Gene responsible for spread of prostate cancer identified

Gene responsible for spread of prostate cancer identified

The study, which was published in the journal Nature Communications, identified the NSD2 gene through a computer algorithm developed to determine which cancer genes that spread in a mouse model were most relevant to humans. The researchers were able to turn off the gene in the mice tumor cells, which significantly decreased the cancer’s spread. …

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Uncategorized 親密な人間関係をデータから客観的に識別できる新手法を開発(図2)

親密な人間関係をデータから客観的に識別できる新手法を開発(図2)

The SocioPatterns project led by Dr. Alain Barrat and colleagues has made public the dataset of contact records of individual pairs collected by RFID devices. However, since the RFID datasets contain any kind of contacts between individuals, they can include non-essential contacts that are observed merely by chance, as opposed to intentional events such as …